Agroforestry on farms essential to improve productivity and environmental protection

This story has been reproduced here with kind permission of the Woodland Trust and Soil Association


Major agroforestry trials should be established during the EU withdrawal period according to a report launched by the Woodland Trust and Soil Association.

Government support for farmer-led research and innovation networks seeking to integrate trees and agriculture should also be trialled – according to the policy document ‘Agroforestry in England: Benefits, Barriers and Opportunities‘.

Agroforestry, the combination of trees and shrubs with agriculture, involves rows of trees through arable crops like wheat, dotted through pasture like parkland, or planted close together to provide cover for plants and animals. Combining trees and farming can increase productivity, diversify farm businesses, protect soils from erosion, store carbon, increase habitat for pollinators and act as a natural flood defence.


Row of apples trees in the agroforestry field at Broadlears'

Row of apples trees in Dartington’s Broadlears agroforestry field project


The report, which follows on from a successful agroforestry conference in 2017, was launched at the All Party Parliamentary Group on Agroecology, hosted by Baroness Miller and Kerry McCarthy MP.

Woodland Trust Chair of Trustees Baroness Barbara Young, who led a panel discussion at the event, said:

“Agroforestry has the potential to deliver on a wide range of policy objectives in England, yet barriers are preventing widespread adoption. Supporting agroforestry would be a win-win for productivity, environmental protection and agricultural resilience and we strongly believe the government should adopt the recommendations in our report to make agroforestry a priority for the future of farming.”

Sam Packer, policy officer at the Soil Association, said:

“We need immediate action from government on agroforestry, mainstreaming productive farming with trees is long overdue. Agroforestry must become a central part of new farming and land management policy, clearly defined and supported in the Agriculture Bill.”

The recommendations to Government are:

  • Adopt a practical and clear definition of agroforestry to give clarity to land managers, practitioners and policy makers;
  • Make on-farm tree planting and management central to the UK’s new environmental land management scheme, rewarding the public goods delivered as a result;
  • Trial new agroforestry projects that test support mechanisms including advice and funding;
  • Develop, fund and train a new generation of farm and forestry advisors to break the divide between forestry and agriculture;
  • Create an overarching agroforestry strategy to inform all departments to overcome the historic separation of agriculture and forestry;
  • Incentivise long-term tenancy agreements to encourage investment in establishing agroforestry and improving soil health; and
  • Place trees in the Agriculture Bill to recognise the vital role they play, and support the potential of well-planned tree planting including agroforestry.

At the Dartington Hall estate, an innovating three-tiered agroforestry contract has been made between the landowner, tenant and local businesses growing top fruit, elderflowers and Sichuan peppers. The tenant farmers, Jon and Lynne Perkin, were happy to integrate trees into their arable/silage rotation but as livestock farmers they lacked the appropriate skills, finance and market knowledge.

By teaming up with established local businesses that plant, manage, harvest and market the tree crops, the farm has gained external investment, supported new entrants to access land, increased the diversity of local crops for local markets and now receive the additional benefits of integrating trees with their arable production.

Speaking at the policy launch, Dartington’s Food & Farming Manager, Harriet Bell, said:

“At Dartington we have several different models of agroforestry that demonstrate how agroforestry can be successfully integrated with horticulture and arable crops, and so yield additional added value crops for farmers – such as top fruit and biomass and even increase the variety of food available to local consumers. Our Broadlears field project also demonstrates that farmers don’t need to feel pressurized to deliver it all by themselves but can collaborate with other businesses to everyone’s benefit.

“Agroforestry is one of the clearest examples of where our national interests and farmers own commercial interests can align very productively. We will be planting more trees here at Dartington and we look forward to government policies which support that objective.”

 


 

One thought on “Agroforestry on farms essential to improve productivity and environmental protection

  1. This is something I have already flagged up in the National Labour Party Policy Consultation, but you can also flag this up yourselves, either log in as a member of the Labour Party or as a Labour Supporter: https://www.policyforum.labour.org.uk/consultation2018 I’ve pointed out Devon is already growing olives commercially, and Cornwall is growing Tea as a commercial crop, and following Brexit we need more diversity in British farming, and particularly from cattle farming which is nearly a mono-culture in this area, and when maize is harvested for cattle feed, results in a staggering loss of top soil from poor soil management. We need to improve our food security by growing some of the things we have traditionally imported, and reduce both the carbon cost of the farming sector but the methane too, which as a greenhouse gas is 10 times more potent than CO2.

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